Reverse logistics is the process of moving goods from their typical final destination for the purpose of capturing value, or proper disposal.
Reverse logistics denotes all those operations related to the reuse of products and materials. The measurement of the environmental impact of the management and the sale of surpluses, as well as products being returned to vendors from buyers is key.
As reverse logistics stands for all operations related to the reuse of products and materials, in order to achieve sustainability, the fundamental pillar of achieving sustainability is in measuring the CO2 generated and saved in the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, cost-effective flow of raw materials, in-process inventory, finished goods, and related information from the point of consumption to the point of origin for the purpose of recapturing value or proper disposal.
The other fundamental pillar is measuring the proper disposal.
Operators involved in transportation include: all train, road vehicles, boats, airplanes companies, couriers, freight forwarders and multi-modal transport operators. Do they measure the CO2 generated or saved per segment?
How do the very long distances reflect in CO2 measurement when different transportation means are used: multimodal transport, intermodal transport (no handling), and combined transport (minimal road transport)?
When moving cargo, typical constraints are maximum weight and volume, are these being calculated in CO2 generated or saved?
The supply chain management and transportation planning of the movement of people and goods from a transportation hub to a final destination known as the “Last mile” is a key metric in measuring CO2 generation and saving. In COVID and Post COVID world, the exponential growth of deliveries driven e-commerce companies in freight transportation, and ride sharing companies in personal transportation is a key opportunity to save CO2 and establish tracking of single use packaging. The challenges of last mile delivery which include minimizing the cost, ensuring transparency, increasing efficiency, and improving infrastructure must be measured in order to achieve sustainability from an environmental and economic perspective.
Fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) companies are based on products that are highly in-demand, sold quickly, and affordable hence with a significant environmental impact. Products from said companies are considered “fast-moving” as they are quick to leave the shelves of a store or supermarket because consumers use them on a regular basis; consequently, the environmental impact is significant. Measuring the CO2 generated and the CO2 saved as well as the Single-Use Packaging recovered is the basis of implementing and achieving sustainability.